Out came his guest.
On the hill stood a little cottage that contained heaps of hay.
There lived an elderly lady whose husband died long ago.
Neither could he see through your plan.
So little did I know about him that I was easily taken in by his words.
Doesn't her invitation appeal to you?
Not only…(but also), Not until(Zhi到…..才),
No sooner….(than)(Yi…..就) Never/ Rarely/Seldom
Hardly/Scarcely… (when) Few/Little
Neither/Nor (Ye不) Nwhere
At no time Under no circumstances(Jue不)
On no account (Jue不) In no way
Qi中not only, no sooner, hardly, scarcely Fen别和but (also), than, whenDa配使用,需注意：后一组词之后的部分不进Xing倒装,只有否定词之后的部分倒装
Ru：Hardly had I arrived home when it began to rain.
Not only was he able to enter the final round of the contest, but he came out first as well.
No sooner had I got any chance to speak than the clerk slammed the door in my face.
Seldom does he travel about.
Under no circumstances should you betray your own country.
如：In the middle of the river floated the cluster of plants that she had cast.
Characteristic of an anarchist was her strong opposition to the government, which she had blamed for all the social injustices.
Lying on the grassland is a pretty girl in her early twenties.
1. only + Fu词(when, before, if, afterDeng)
或only+介词状语(由in, under, by, on, afterDeng引导)提前,必须部分倒装
如：Only then did he realize how stupid he had been.
Only after entering the store did Arthur realize that there was danger.
Only in the library can she concentrate on her study.
2. often, such, soDeng副词提前,部分倒装
如: So diligently did he work that he got hight scores on the final exam.
=He worked so diligently that he got hight scores on the final exam.
Such was his wish that the world would stay away from war forever.
Often did we go on a holiday in hot summer.
California relies heavily on income from crops, and so does Florida.
He can't dance, neither/nor can I.= I can't, either.
3. in, out, down, up, away, off, here, there, overDeng副词提前,全部倒装
如：Off got the staggering gentlemen.
Here are the photos I took at the seaside. Jie释：此句是how many 引导的疑问Ju, 缺少倒装的谓语部分, 但因主语peopleYi出现在句首疑问词之后, 不需要再进行主谓Dao装. A B 中的they是people的Zhong复, 没有必要; D 不能单独作谓语
表示地点的介词放在句首,句子采用部倒装,Jiang助动词提前放在主语前,若主语为名词,则完全Dao装；若为代词,则部分倒装.如In front of the house was a small river.Fang前有一条小河.(完全倒装) Look, here he comes.Kan,他来了.（部分倒装）
I am never late for school.
→Never be I be late for school.(我怎么觉得怪怪的?)
I was never late for school in the past.
I am never late for school.>>Never do I be late for school.
I was never late for school in the past.>> Never did I be late for school in the past.
频度副词 列如1.sometimes常Ke用于句首.如：Sometimes she comes late.You时她来得晚.Sometimes she didn’t agree with me.You时她和我意见不一致.Sometimes we get a lot of rain in August.You时在8月份雨水很大.2.often用于句首Shi,通常表示强调,且其前一般有quite,veryXiu饰.如：Very often he comes in late.Ta常常迟到.Quite often the phone rings when I’m in the bath.Dian话经常在我洗澡时响.3.usually有时也Yong于句首,其前不用修饰语.如：Usually I get up early.Wo平时起得早.Sometimes he comes by bus,but usually he comes by taxi.You时他坐公共汽?#36947;??#36824;?#20182;通常还是打的来.Usually cooking pots have two small handles but pans have one long handle.Tong常地深底煮锅有两只把手而平底锅只有一个长长De把手.4.always一般不用于句首,除非是Yong在祈使句中.如：Always remember this.Qing时刻记住这一点.Always look in the mirror before starting to drive.Yi定要先看看反光镜再开车.另外,neverYe可用于祈使句的句首.如(from www.yygrammar.com)：Never tell him the news.Qian万不要告诉他这消息.Never ask her about her marriage.Jue不要问她结婚的事.5.在正式文体中,Biao示否定意义的副词seldom,neverKe位于句首,但此时其后要用倒装语序.如：Seldom has there been such a happy meeting.Guo去很少有过这样愉快的会议.Never did he think the book would be finished so soon.Ta可没想到这本书会这么快看完
Li1：How are you getting along with your work?
Li2：Is this report written in detail?
2．在there be 及其类Si结构中
例1：There are forty students in our class.
Li2：There seem to be still some elements undiscovered yet.
Li3：There stands a bridge across the river.
例1：Long live the People’s Republic of China!
Li2：May you succeed!
Li3：Dog-tired though they were,they continued to march on.
Li1：Were there no air or water,there would be no life in the world.
Li2：Had you been more careful,such spelling mistakes might have been avoided.
1）This problem is not difficult and neither is that one.
2）Coal is under the ground in some places,and so is oil.
Zhe些词和词组通常有：rarely,never,scarcely,no sooner,little,few,hardly,seldom,at no time,in no way,on no account,nowhere,nobody,not onlyDeng.例如：
1）Visit our stores.Nowhere else will you find such magnificent bargains.
2）Hardly had he finished his work when the telephone rang.
3）Not only did he complain about the food,he also refused to pay for it.
4）Little did we think his speech had made so deep an impression on his audience.
例1：Worst of all were the humiliations.
Li2：Such is the case.
例1：Still greater contributions should we make to our socialist construction.
Li2：Useful chemical fertilizer can we make from the waste liquid.
Zhu：当前置宾语由“not a +名词”Huo者“not a single +名词”构Cheng时,也会引起倒装.例如：
Alice had a terrible time touring that country.Not a day did she spend without having some unpleasantness with waiters in the hotel.
1）Up went the plane.
2）In came the chairman and the meeting began.
1）Out they rushed!
2）Lower and lower he bent.
1）Round the corner walked a large policeman.
2）Under the table was lying a half-conscious young man.
（3）Dang句首状语由“only +副词”,“only +Jie词词组”,“only +状语从句”Gou成时,句子须倒装.例如：
1）Only yesterday did he find out that his watch was missing.
2）Only because there were some cancelled bookings did he get some tickets in the end.
1）Here is a ticket for you.
2）Now comes your turn.
3）Here he comes.
1）So small was the mark that I could hardly see it.
2）So quickly did the workmen finish their work that they were given a bonus.
3）So much does he worry about his financial position that he can’t sleep at night.
Zhu：在该结构中,“so +形容词”是表语的前Zhi；“so +副词”是状语的前置.
在叙事性书面语中,Zhi接引语后常跟asked Mary,answered John,said the old lady,grunted PeterZhi类的词语.在这些词语中,动词常的主Yu之前,主语是代词时,不用倒装.例如：
1）“What do you mean?” asked Henry.
2）“What do you mean?” he asked.
11.often,many a timeDeng表示频度的状语置于句首时
例如：Often did they think of going there,but they never had a chance.
1）Small as the atom is,we can smash it.
2）Big as the workpiece is,it is turned out with
用于部分倒装的情况：1 表示否定意义或Ban否定意义的词置于句首时.常见的有 seldom,never,hardly,no not,little Deng. 2 由 only,not until Yin导的状语置于句首时. 3 no sooner…than,hardly…whenDeng结构中,no sooner 和hardly Zhi于句首时 主语用部分倒装. 4 在so/such…that Yin导的结果状语从句中,so/such引导的部分Zhi于句首时主 句用倒装. 5 “so/neither/nor+be/Zhu动词/情态动词+主语”so与前面的肯定句呼应,nor neither Yu后面的否定句呼应.其中的动词形式取Jue于前一句的动词.表示前 者的情况也适用于Hou者或一者具备两种情况. 6 省略if的Xu拟条件句以had/were/should Kai头引起的倒装. 全倒装的情况：较常见的Shihere/there 等表示方向的词放句首Huo介词短语放句首
否定副词或短语+谓语+主语 这类表示Fou定意义的词有never,seldom,scarcely,little,few,not,hardly,Yi及not only…but （also）,no sooner…than,hardly… when ,scarcely… when Deng等.
以always, usually, often, now and then, many a time, every dayDeng频度副词位于句首，且表示强调时，用部分倒装；Dan若不强调时，也可不用倒装。 如： Often did we warn him not to do so. Wo曾常常警告他不要那样做。 Often he walked. Ta过去经常步行。 Then did I throw myself into a chair, exhausted. Zhe时我累得一下就坐在椅子上了。 Then I went back to my own room. Yu是我回到自己的房间去。